How to Become a Gynecologist in South Africa 2024

How to Become a Gynecologist in South Africa
How to Become a Gynecologist in South Africa

Embarking on a career as a gynecologist in South Africa presents an intricate journey of extensive training and dedication. This noble profession demands a robust educational foundation, practical experience through internships and community service, specialization in the field, and a commitment to lifelong learning to ensure excellence in women’s healthcare.

Complete Secondary Education

Completing secondary education is the foundational step in the journey to becoming a gynecologist in South Africa. This process is detailed and designed to prepare students academically for higher education, particularly in the medical field.

1. Enrollment in a Secondary School

  • Objective: Enroll in a high school that offers a curriculum conducive to pursuing a career in medicine.
  • Action Steps:
    • Choose a school with strong programs in science and mathematics.
    • Register for and attend classes from Grade 8 to Grade 12.

2. Curriculum Focus

  • Objective: Focus on subjects that are prerequisites for medical school admission.
  • Action Steps:
    • Prioritize and excel in Mathematics, Physical Sciences (Physics and Chemistry), and Life Sciences (Biology).
    • Consider additional subjects that promote critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

3. Academic Excellence

  • Objective: Achieve high academic standards to meet university entrance requirements.
  • Action Steps:
    • Maintain a high Grade Point Average (GPA) throughout the school years.
    • Seek extra help or tutoring in challenging subjects to ensure mastery of the material.

4. Matriculation Examination

  • Objective: Successfully pass the National Senior Certificate (NSC) examination with matriculation endorsement.
  • Action Steps:
    • Engage in consistent study and revision of subject material.
    • Participate in mock exams and use past examination papers for practice.
    • Utilize study groups and extracurricular resources for additional learning support.

5. Exploration and Preparation

  • Objective: Gain a broader understanding of the medical field and specifically the role of a gynecologist.
  • Action Steps:
    • Volunteer or shadow in medical settings, if possible, to gain practical insight.
    • Attend medical-related events or workshops aimed at high school students.
    • Research the requirements and responsibilities of a career in gynecology to ensure alignment with personal interests and capabilities.

6. University Application

  • Objective: Apply to universities with accredited medical programs.
  • Action Steps:
    • Research universities to understand their specific admission requirements for the MBChB program.
    • Prepare and submit applications well in advance of deadlines.
    • Consider the National Benchmark Tests (NBTs) or other entrance examinations if required by the institution.

7. Scholarships and Financial Aid

  • Objective: Secure financial support for university education if necessary.
  • Action Steps:
    • Apply for scholarships, bursaries, or financial aid programs targeted at students entering the medical field.
    • Explore government and private funding options available to aspiring medical students.

Obtain an Undergraduate Degree

Obtaining an undergraduate medical degree, specifically a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBChB) in South Africa, is a crucial step toward becoming a gynecologist. This process is intensive and requires dedication, academic excellence, and a commitment to the medical profession.

1. University Selection and Application

  • Objective: Gain admission to a university with a recognized medical school.
  • Action Steps:
    • Research universities that offer the MBChB program and their specific admission requirements.
    • Prepare and submit applications, typically including academic transcripts, a personal statement, and sometimes entrance exams or interviews.
    • Consider application deadlines and requirements for any preparatory or entrance exams like the National Benchmark Tests (NBTs).

2. MBChB Program Admission

  • Objective: Secure a place in a medical school’s MBChB program.
  • Action Steps:
    • Successfully pass any required entrance examinations or assessments.
    • Attend interviews if they are part of the selection process.
    • Accept an offer from a medical school and register for classes.

3. Academic Coursework

  • Objective: Complete the required coursework for the MBChB degree.
  • Action Steps:
    • Engage in foundational courses covering basic medical sciences (anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, etc.) in the initial years.
    • Progress to more advanced medical and clinical studies, including subjects specific to gynecology and obstetrics.
    • Participate in practical laboratory sessions and tutorials to gain hands-on experience.

4. Clinical Rotations

  • Objective: Gain practical experience in a variety of medical specialties.
  • Action Steps:
    • Undertake rotations in different departments within hospitals and clinics, as part of the curriculum in the later years of the program.
    • Develop clinical skills and bedside manners under the supervision of experienced doctors.
    • Focus on rotations in gynecology and obstetrics to gain specific insights and experience in these areas.

5. Examinations and Assessments

  • Objective: Demonstrate competency in medical knowledge and clinical skills.
  • Action Steps:
    • Prepare for and pass periodic examinations and assessments throughout the program.
    • Engage in continuous study and revision, utilizing resources such as textbooks, medical journals, and online platforms.

6. Final Year and Graduation

  • Objective: Successfully complete the MBChB program and graduate.
  • Action Steps:
    • Complete a final year project or thesis if required by the institution.
    • Pass final examinations and clinical assessments.
    • Participate in graduation ceremonies and fulfill any administrative requirements to officially obtain the degree.

7. Registration with HPCSA

  • Objective: Register as a medical practitioner with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA).
  • Action Steps:
    • Submit the necessary documentation and evidence of degree completion to the HPCSA.
    • Complete any required exams or assessments for registration.
    • Pay the registration fee and become a licensed medical doctor, eligible to practice in South Africa.

Complete Internship

Completing an internship is a mandatory step for medical graduates in South Africa before they can practice independently or specialize further. This phase allows graduates to apply their theoretical knowledge in real-world settings under supervision, enhancing their clinical skills across various disciplines.

1. Application for Internship Positions

  • Objective: Secure an internship position at an accredited medical facility.
  • Action Steps:
    • Research available internship positions across South Africa. The Department of Health typically allocates positions.
    • Prepare and submit your application, including your CV, academic transcripts, and any other required documentation, through the designated platform or system.
    • Select preferred hospitals or regions, keeping in mind the competition and availability of positions.

2. Internship Placement Allocation

  • Objective: Receive and accept an internship placement.
  • Action Steps:
    • Wait for the internship placement results to be announced by the Department of Health.
    • Once allocated a position, confirm your acceptance and complete any required administrative procedures.
    • If necessary, make arrangements for relocation or accommodation near your assigned hospital.

3. Orientation and Induction

  • Objective: Familiarize yourself with the hospital environment and procedures.
  • Action Steps:
    • Attend orientation sessions organized by the hospital to understand the protocols, safety procedures, and administrative processes.
    • Introduce yourself to the medical team you will be working with, including supervisors, colleagues, and support staff.

4. Rotations Through Various Disciplines

  • Objective: Gain practical experience and skills across different medical specialties.
  • Action Steps:
    • Complete rotations in key areas as required by the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA), which typically include surgery, internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, and emergency medicine.
    • Engage actively in each rotation, taking on responsibilities under supervision and learning from experienced medical professionals.
    • Keep a logbook of procedures performed and skills learned during each rotation, as this may be required for evaluation.

5. Continuous Learning and Assessment

  • Objective: Enhance your medical knowledge and skills through ongoing learning.
  • Action Steps:
    • Participate in workshops, seminars, and other educational opportunities offered by the hospital or external organizations.
    • Seek feedback regularly from supervisors on your performance and areas for improvement.
    • Prepare for and undergo periodic assessments or evaluations to monitor your progress throughout the internship.

6. Completion of Internship

  • Objective: Successfully complete the internship program and fulfill all requirements.
  • Action Steps:
    • Ensure that you have met all the criteria set forth by the HPCSA, including the completion of rotations and any required assessments.
    • Submit your logbook and any other documentation required for verification of your internship experience.
    • Receive a certificate of completion from the hospital or the relevant authority, acknowledging your fulfillment of the internship requirements.

7. Registration as a Medical Practitioner

  • Objective: Obtain full registration with the HPCSA as a medical practitioner.
  • Action Steps:
    • Apply for full registration with the HPCSA, providing evidence of your completed internship and any other required documents.
    • Once registered, you are legally recognized as a medical practitioner in South Africa, eligible to practice medicine independently or enter into a specialization program.

Complete Community Service

Completing a year of community service is a mandatory requirement for medical graduates in South Africa after finishing their internship. This step is designed to ensure that underserved areas of the country receive medical care while providing young doctors with valuable experience.

1. Application for Community Service Positions

  • Objective: Secure a community service position in a healthcare facility.
  • Action Steps:
    • Familiarize yourself with the Department of Health’s guidelines and timelines for community service applications.
    • Submit your application through the designated online platform, typically including preferences for location and type of facility.
    • Prepare all necessary documentation, such as your CV, proof of internship completion, and any other required certifications.

2. Placement Allocation

  • Objective: Receive and accept your placement for community service.
  • Action Steps:
    • Await the allocation results from the Department of Health, which matches applicants to positions based on needs and preferences.
    • Once allocated, review your placement details and confirm your acceptance.
    • If necessary, arrange for accommodation or relocation to your assigned area.

3. Orientation and Induction

  • Objective: Get acquainted with your new working environment and responsibilities.
  • Action Steps:
    • Participate in any orientation or induction programs provided by your new workplace to understand its protocols, patient care processes, and safety guidelines.
    • Meet with your supervisors and colleagues to establish working relationships and clarify your role and expectations.

4. Engagement in Medical Service

  • Objective: Provide medical care and services in your assigned community.
  • Action Steps:
    • Fulfill your duties as a medical practitioner, applying your skills and knowledge to care for patients.
    • Work collaboratively with the healthcare team to contribute effectively to patient care and facility operations.
    • Take the opportunity to learn from the unique challenges and conditions prevalent in your community setting.

5. Professional Development

  • Objective: Continue learning and improving your medical competencies.
  • Action Steps:
    • Engage in continuous learning opportunities, including seminars, workshops, and training relevant to your community service area.
    • Seek feedback from supervisors and colleagues to identify areas for improvement and develop your professional skills further.

6. Completion and Documentation

  • Objective: Successfully complete your community service year and document your experience.
  • Action Steps:
    • Ensure that you fulfill all the requirements and duties assigned during your community service.
    • Maintain records or a logbook of your activities, learning experiences, and any notable projects or contributions, as this may be beneficial for future employment or specialization applications.

7. Certification and Further Registration

  • Objective: Obtain certification for your completed community service and update your registration status.
  • Action Steps:
    • Request a completion certificate from your community service employer or the relevant health authority.
    • Update your professional registration with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA), indicating your completion of community service. This step is crucial for obtaining full registration as a medical practitioner with the rights to practice independently in South Africa.

Specialize in Gynecology

Specializing in gynecology in South Africa is a focused and intensive process that requires dedication, commitment, and a deep interest in women’s health. After completing undergraduate medical training, an internship, and community service, the next step is to embark on specialized training in obstetrics and gynecology.

1. Determine Eligibility and Interest

  • Objective: Ensure a genuine interest in specializing in gynecology and meet the basic eligibility criteria.
  • Action Steps:
    • Reflect on your experiences and interests in medicine, particularly in women’s health, to confirm your commitment to specializing in gynecology.
    • Ensure you have completed the necessary prerequisites, including an MBChB degree, internship, and community service.

2. Registration with HPCSA

  • Objective: Register with the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) as a medical practitioner.
  • Action Steps:
    • If not already registered, submit your application for registration to the HPCSA, including proof of completion of your internship and community service.
    • Obtain your registration number, which is necessary for applying to postgraduate programs.

3. Apply for Specialization Programs

  • Objective: Gain admission into a recognized postgraduate gynecology specialization program.
  • Action Steps:
    • Research universities and teaching hospitals offering specialization programs in obstetrics and gynecology.
    • Prepare and submit applications to these programs, including your CV, academic transcripts, letters of motivation, and any other required documentation.
    • Attend interviews or fulfill any other selection criteria as required by the institution.

4. Complete Specialized Training

  • Objective: Undergo rigorous training in obstetrics and gynecology.
  • Action Steps:
    • Participate in the academic and clinical training components of the specialization program, which typically includes coursework, practical rotations, and research.
    • Gain comprehensive knowledge and skills in diagnosing and managing a wide range of conditions related to female reproductive health, pregnancy, and childbirth.
    • Work under the supervision of experienced gynecologists and obstetricians, participating in surgeries, outpatient clinics, and emergency care.

5. Pass the Examinations

  • Objective: Successfully pass the Fellowship of the College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (FCOG) exams or equivalent.
  • Action Steps:
    • Prepare extensively for both the written and clinical examinations, which assess your knowledge, skills, and competency in obstetrics and gynecology.
    • Utilize resources such as textbooks, medical journals, revision courses, and practice exams to aid in your preparation.
    • Take the exams, which are usually administered by the Colleges of Medicine of South Africa (CMSA).

6. Complete a Master’s Degree (Optional)

  • Objective: Enhance your qualifications and expertise in gynecology.
  • Action Steps:
    • Some doctors choose to pursue a Master of Medicine (MMed) degree in obstetrics and gynecology alongside their specialization training.
    • Engage in research and complete a dissertation on a relevant topic in obstetrics and gynecology.

7. Register as a Specialist

  • Objective: Obtain registration as a specialist in obstetrics and gynecology with the HPCSA.
  • Action Steps:
    • Submit documentation of your completed training and examination results to the HPCSA.
    • Complete any additional paperwork and pay the registration fee to be officially recognized as a specialist.

8. Continuous Professional Development

  • Objective: Stay updated with the latest advancements in gynecology.
  • Action Steps:
    • Engage in ongoing learning through seminars, workshops, and conferences.
    • Participate in research and publish findings in medical journals.
    • Fulfill the HPCSA’s requirements for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) points to maintain your specialist registration.

Register as a Specialist

Registering as a specialist in South Africa, specifically in the field of gynecology, is the final step in the formal training and qualification process for doctors who wish to specialize. This registration recognizes the individual’s expertise and permits them to practice as a specialist within the healthcare system.

1. Complete Specialization Training

  • Objective: Fulfill all the requirements of your specialization training in gynecology.
  • Action Steps:
    • Ensure successful completion of the academic and practical components of your specialization program.
    • Pass all required examinations, including the Fellowship of the College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (FCOG) exams, administered by the Colleges of Medicine of South Africa (CMSA).

2. Compile Necessary Documentation

  • Objective: Prepare the documents required for specialist registration.
  • Action Steps:
    • Gather evidence of your completed specialization training, including certificates and transcripts.
    • Obtain proof of passing the relevant examinations for your specialty.
    • Prepare any additional documents as specified by the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA), such as your current medical registration certificate and identification documents.

3. Submit Application to HPCSA

  • Objective: Apply for registration as a specialist in gynecology with the HPCSA.
  • Action Steps:
    • Complete the application form for specialist registration provided by the HPCSA. This form is usually available on their website or by contacting them directly.
    • Attach all required documentation to your application.
    • Pay the specified application fee, which is required for processing your specialist registration.

4. Await Approval and Registration

  • Objective: Receive confirmation of your specialist registration.
  • Action Steps:
    • Once your application is submitted, wait for the HPCSA to process it. This may take several weeks.
    • Respond to any requests for additional information or clarification from the HPCSA promptly to avoid delays in your application process.

5. Receive Registration Certificate

  • Objective: Obtain your specialist registration certificate.
  • Action Steps:
    • After your application is approved, you will receive a specialist registration certificate from the HPCSA.
    • This certificate serves as official recognition of your qualification and expertise in gynecology, allowing you to practice as a specialist in South Africa.

6. Update Professional Details

  • Objective: Ensure that your professional status is current and accurately reflects your specialist registration.
  • Action Steps:
    • Update your professional details with employers, insurance providers, and any professional associations or societies to which you belong.
    • Adjust your practice details to indicate your new specialist status, including any changes to your services, billing, and insurance claims.

7. Engage in Continuous Professional Development (CPD)

  • Objective: Maintain and enhance your skills and knowledge as a specialist.
  • Action Steps:
    • Participate in CPD activities relevant to gynecology to stay abreast of the latest research, techniques, and standards of care.
    • Keep records of your CPD activities to meet the HPCSA’s requirements for ongoing specialist registration and practice.

Continuous Professional Development

Continuous Professional Development (CPD) is a critical component of maintaining and enhancing the competencies of healthcare professionals, including gynecologists, in South Africa. CPD ensures that specialists stay updated with the latest advancements, research, and practices in their field.

1. Understand CPD Requirements

  • Objective: Familiarize yourself with the Health Professions Council of South Africa’s (HPCSA) requirements for CPD.
  • Action Steps:
    • Visit the HPCSA website or contact them directly to get detailed information about the CPD requirements for specialists in gynecology.
    • Note the number of CPD points you need to accumulate within a specific period (usually annually) to maintain your registration.

2. Identify CPD Opportunities

  • Objective: Find relevant CPD activities and events that align with your professional interests and needs.
  • Action Steps:
    • Look for accredited CPD activities, including workshops, seminars, conferences, online courses, and journal clubs that focus on gynecology and women’s health.
    • Consider opportunities for learning that could also contribute to your practice and patient care.

3. Plan Your CPD Activities

  • Objective: Organize your participation in various CPD activities throughout the year.
  • Action Steps:
    • Create a CPD plan that distributes your activities evenly over the year to avoid last-minute participation.
    • Balance different types of CPD activities to cover a broad range of topics and learning methods.

4. Participate in CPD Activities

  • Objective: Engage in selected CPD activities to gain new knowledge and skills.
  • Action Steps:
    • Attend and actively participate in chosen CPD events and courses.
    • Engage with peers and experts during these activities to share experiences and insights.

5. Document Your CPD Activities

  • Objective: Keep a record of all CPD activities you participate in, including the date, type of activity, and points earned.
  • Action Steps:
    • Maintain a CPD portfolio or log, which includes certificates of attendance or completion, summaries of what was learned, and reflections on how this new knowledge can be applied to your practice.
    • Use the HPCSA’s online portal or designated documentation method to officially record your CPD points.

6. Reflect on Your Learning

  • Objective: Assess the impact of CPD activities on your professional practice and identify future learning needs.
  • Action Steps:
    • Regularly review your CPD records to evaluate how each activity has contributed to your professional development and patient care.
    • Plan future CPD activities based on areas where you feel further improvement or updating is needed.

7. Comply with CPD Audits

  • Objective: Respond to CPD audits conducted by the HPCSA.
  • Action Steps:
    • If selected for a CPD audit, submit the required documentation and evidence of your CPD activities to the HPCSA within the specified timeframe.
    • Ensure your CPD portfolio or log is up to date and accurately reflects your participation in CPD activities.

Universities That Offer Gynaecology In South Africa

  1. University of Pretoria
  2. University of the Witwatersrand
  3. University of Cape Town
  4. University of KwaZulu-Natal
  5. University of Limpopo
  6. University of the Free State
  7. Walter Sisulu University
  8. Nelson Mandela University
  9. Stellenbosch University
  10. University of Johannesburg
  11. University of the Western Cape
  12. North-West University
  13. University of Venda
  14. University of South Africa (UNISA)
  15. University of the North
  16. University of Zululand
  17. Medical University of South Africa (MEDUNSA)
  18. Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  19. Tshwane University of Technology
  20. Mangosuthu University of Technology
  21. Durban University of Technology
  22. Vaal University of Technology
  23. University of Mpumalanga
  24. Sol Plaatje University
  25. University of Fort Hare


Becoming a gynecologist in South Africa is a rigorous and rewarding journey that requires dedication, years of education, and continuous professional development. Starting from secondary education and progressing through obtaining an undergraduate medical degree, completing an internship and community service, and finally specializing in gynecology, each step is crucial for building a successful career in this vital field. Registration as a specialist and engaging in ongoing learning ensures that gynecologists provide the best possible care. This path not only fosters professional growth but also significantly contributes to improving women’s health care in South Africa.


How much does a gynecologist make in South Africa?

Gynecologists in South Africa earn an average salary of between ZAR 800,000 and ZAR 1,500,000 per year, although this can vary based on factors such as experience, location, and the level of specialization​.

Is Gynaecology in high demand in South Africa?

There is a concern about a potential shortage of obstetricians and gynecologists in the next decade, largely due to the high rate of malpractice claims, which may discourage doctors from entering the field.

Which university offers Gynaecology in South Africa?

Various universities in South Africa offer gynecology courses as part of their medical degrees, including the University of Pretoria, University of Cape Town, University of Witwatersrand, and Stellenbosch University, among others​.

What subjects are needed to become a gynecologist in Grade 10 in South Africa?

For Grade 10 students aspiring to become gynecologists, it’s crucial to focus on subjects like Physical Science, Mathematics, Life Sciences, and English to prepare for this career path

Categories SA

Meet Ankit Kumar holding a master's degree in Museology, Ankit Kumar brings a profound understanding of the cultural and historical significance of museums. With a passion for research and a keen interest in writing, they have not only excelled in guiding individuals in their career paths but also have a flair for creating insightful and engaging blogs on various aspects of museology as well as different professions.

Leave a Comment